Our Spring concert season is called “Keeping a Record”, and what better way to start than a masterclass on recording by Zoe Knighton, cellist and founding member of Flinders Quartet? Flinders Quartet’s 20th Anniversary Season has been severely disrupted due to COVID-19 lockdowns, but it has not stopped their playing together, with a pivot to virtual ensemble work using recordings as a rehearsal tool. Zoe was generous to share her experiences, tips and tricks with us in our latest rehearsal to encourage us to use recording to create an ensemble sound and “Rip the Bandaid Off Recording”.
With latency making it impossible to play “live” together over the internet, layering recordings of each instrument in a tool such as BandLab allows us to recapture the complete sound of the whole group. But to make it a success, care must be taken with the following:
Tuning – use an electronic tuner to tune (Squawkestra tunes to an A at 440). Switch the tuner to sounding a drone (or for string instruments play another open string) whilst playing scales to help train the ear. Listen for the “beating” of the notes when not in tune, and be aware how the same note will need the slightest shift when playing against different intervals to make it sound right to the ear. (Zoe suggested Howard Goodall Big Bangs Equal Temperament for more info)
Rhythm – recording often necessitates playing to a click track, so practise by playing with (and listening to!) a metronome, the immovable and annoying extra member of the ensemble. To get a physical sense of the beat, tap alternating feet as if marching to steady the beat. Use words or a phrase that match with a tricky rhythm to get a sense of it, and for an entry that is off the beat, focus on the note that is on the beat. As in childhood skipping, moving with the beat before entry, rather than a static start, will assist.
Recording can be compared to a photograph – capturing a moment in time, and if done regularly, will track improvement over time. Just like a quick look in the mirror before going out, recording & playing back allows a check to make sure all is where it should be. The hardest step is the first time – and first take. Once you get beyond that, the rest is easy!
Recording tools can be as simple as a smart phone, using the voice memo app. Watch the wave forms for maximum sound, and if you’re “peaking” (too loud for the recording) move the phone or microphone further away. For louder instruments consider putting it behind you. Listen back with earphones for the best sound. Set a number of takes, (say 3) and after recording 3 times, pick the best one – that’s the baseline for the next practise.
Squawkestra will be using BandLab to build an ensemble sound, with each member recording their part / laying their track down, and making it available for other members to enjoy playing with each other.
Zoe encouraged us not to be discouraged by the inevitable initial technical frustrations, get in early by not leaving it to the deadline, overcome our “First-take-itis”, and just get into it!
‘My study’s function has expanded in this COVID-19 world to include Squawkestra rehearsal space, mask-sewing facility and working from home office. I’m grateful to have such a place to maintain social connections, make music and continue working but it’s the escape of my daily walk that allows me to spend the rest of the day there. Seeing the wattle bloom on the banks of the Yarra, noticing the emerging blossoms in neighbours’ gardens and hearing the currawongs and magpies carolling or the lorikeets’ tuneless screeches re-energises me for another day in my study’. (Katherine Ramsay)
Last rehearsal we were very lucky to have guest conductor Mark Shiell lead us for our zoom rehearsal.
Tchaikovsky’s “Capriccio Italien” was the focus of the night, and Mark first introduced it to us with a short video presentation describing the inspiration (Tchaikovsky’s trip to Rome in 1880) and comparing and contrasting it with excerpts from Mikhail Glinka’s “Spanish Fantasias”, the piece it was modelled on.
Then it was into rehearsing. We practised sections, watching Mark’s conducting and playing along with a recording of our arrangement. With special attention paid to identifying the sections where watching the conductor is a must, tips for the tricky transition from Andante to Allegro, addition of accents and the exhortation of “Don’t worry about soft!” our knowledge and understanding of Capriccio Italien was greatly enhanced.
After our break and members catch-up, Mark shared with us his recent experiences of online rehearsing with Orchestra Geelong and Percy Grainger Youth Orchestra. He described techniques use to engage and extend both orchestras including using video introductions such as he had prepared for us, master classes and “listening lounges” where members present pieces they had prepared. We demonstrated our own version with Mike, our newest clarinetist, rising to our Soloist of the Week “Tchaikovsky Challenge”. Mark also suggested exercises for us to improve our sense of rhythm and encouraged us to unleash our joy of music with heart and experimentation. We finished with a discussion of ensemble playing as “not just one way traffic” from the conductor, rather communication across the orchestra using multiple sound and visual cues, and suggested YouTube clips for examples of conducting styles and conductors.
Thank you Mark, for an instructive and thought-provoking rehearsal.
Our first online season was given the title, “Build you Sanctuary”. Recently we asked orchestra members to reveal the sanctuary that has kept members busy on music and engaged with each other.
“Here’s part of my den”.
“This is a map of my neighbourhood which is my sanctuary for the next six weeks. I can go to all places within the pink circle on my bike if I can get there and back within an hour. It should be possible! I intend to know it a lot better by mid September”.
“Corona virus changed the way our orchestra got to meet and interact. We went from meeting in person, to meeting through Zoom. While Zoom’s audio features for an orchestra are not astounding, it is better than nothing. I think everyone’s experience depends on the quality of their computers and internet connection. I understand how it could get very frustrating.
I really appreciate the efforts of our Conductor, Katrina O’Brien, and the Committee Members for keeping this going. Our Zoom Orchestra meetings help me to continue to improve my understanding of music, keep me motivated to practice, and I enjoy seeing the members of our group. I am relieved to see that they are safe and well.
When we have our Zoom Orchestra Meetings, I build my Sanctuary our office. I set up my music stand and turn on the computer. Some practices, I dim the lights and string up Lights for a change of atmosphere. Though, this photo only shows a regular night”.
“Slippers-check! Heater on-check! Sheet Music -Check! Hot cup of tea-Check! Cuddles from my kids as they go to bed on the other side of the wall-Check! It’s time to load up the Zoom meeting for our fortnightly rehearsal.
Multi-tasking, multi-platform, multi-screen, multi-tab. I feel like I am pressing buttons on the console of a spacecraft rather than conducting an orchestra. None-the less, I still get the same rush that a teaching conductor gets when navigating my way through a complex tunnel of sound, trying to make sense of it for myself and for everyone else. By the end of the rehearsal, we have all learned something new about how to listen. We are playing our instrument among supportive peers who encourage us and keep us inspired.
We have learned to embrace the glitch and love the lag (hmmm…. well almost). Zoom gives us a new excuse on which to blame our late entries and wrong notes it also reminds us that we have no excuse to give up. Each fortnightly rehearsal not only gives us an opportunity to play our instruments and get better at our craft, it is an opportunity to take time to appreciate everything that we have. My sanctuary keeps me busy, and connected to my community”.
Last rehearsal was the launch of our Winter Season, with the exciting experience of our first play-through of a new work written for us by composer in residence, K Travers Eira. Travers, a composer, performer and Squawkestra viola player, has composed “Alun key supplied”, a modular piece for variable orchestra.
In a truely collaborative experience, first we heard from Travers about the inspiration and approach for the piece. Then as we played and explored, we asked about timings, markings and intent. Travers heard from us including possible bassoon fingerings, preferred clef for the cello, suggestions for additional rehearsal marks and requests to highlight favourite passages.
Travers will use the feedback collected in rehearsal along with suggestions and ideas submitted online to further refine the piece for next rehearsal. We look forward to playing the results of this work!
Thursday 28th May 2020 was to be our first concert for the year. The repertoire had been selected, the venue booked and we began working hard rehearsing our pieces. And then COVID-19 hit, and like everything else in our lives, Squawkestra had to stand down, stop rehearsals and hunker down in our individual “physically distant” spaces.
But guided by Kat, our courageous musical director and conductor, Squawkestra moved online, with rehearsal videos and zoom rehearsals allowing us to connect and play again together from our studies, studios and spare rooms.
So it was with this spirit of experimentation and to “Embrace the Glitch and Love the Lag”, we staged our first zoom performance on the night of our scheduled concert – Thursday 28th May. Dressed in our concert blacks we played some of the original concert repertoire, Beethoven’s 1st Movement of Pastoral Symphony and Joachim Johow’s Russian Horses, using the “Follow The Leader” technique we had refined in previous zoom rehearsals. We then had a number of wonderful solo performances, enabling us to share the progress of individuals’ practice and musical discoveries.
It wasn’t the concert we had envisaged at the beginning of the year, rather it was a Squawkestra performance for this strange, pandemic time.
Our first Zoom Rehearsal was such a success, we are having another at the regular Squawkestra rehearsal date & time – 7pm April 30.
For those who haven’t used zoom before
- it is easiest if you download it to your computer prior to the meeting, then you can just click on the link that will be provided in the regular Squawkestra update email
- download from https://zoom.us/support/download
- there is a microphone and a camera setting once you are connected. You can mute and unmute the microphone and turn the video on or off from your screen. Remember to turn your computer camera on so Kat can see you and your instrument
- the default screen layout is “Speaker” view where the person speaking is displayed in a large window. This is good when Kat is conducting. The “Gallery View” (aka the “Brady Bunch” layout) shows all participants, and is good for general chatting. Click on the buttons on the top right of your screen to toggle between the two
- open the zoom “chat” window (click on voice bubble button at bottom of screen) so that you can communicate via typed text with other participants even when your microphone is muted
Special settings for music sessions
- as zoom is optimised for voice, it doesn’t always get it right for music
- the simplest change is in the settings >> Audio section and to Uncheck “Automatically adjust microphone volume”
- there are more details in this terrific resource Best Zoom Meeting settings for Remote Music Lessons
- bring your instrument, music stand, pencil and music
- position yourself and your device so that Kat can see both your instrument and face
- make sure you have tuned before rehearsal starts. There are many free tuner apps available that checks and shows visually if and when you’re in tune
- some members found they had the best sound by using headphones; wear it one ear on so you can hear the session and one ear off so you can hear your instrument
Looking forward to seeing you there!
Last week we had our first “Zoom Rehearsal” of the Virtual Squawkestra. After some initial technical issues (and apologies to members who did not get the updated link in time) we were set up in our music rooms, studies and spare rooms with instruments at the ready. It required careful arrangement of device, music stand, instrument and self so that we could read our music, see and be seen by Kat.
It wasn’t the same as a “normal” Squawkestra rehearsal – and it was never going to be due to the limitations of video conferencing. So we experimented with different approaches; using Kat’s rehearsal videos, listening to other YouTube recordings of our pieces and Kat conducting “live”.
Generally we played together, with all but one player muted, hearing our own instrument and listening to another. It was great how we overcame initial shyness to play for the group, giving all the opportunity to hear each section’s part and learn how they fit with our own. Motivated to pick up sometimes neglected instruments, we are learning new ways to listen and practise our performance pieces.
Of course it wouldn’t be a Squawkestra rehearsal without a tea break, so we also had time for a shared tea, coffee (or something stronger?!) and a chat.
It was wonderful to connect again – playing individually, yet playing together.
Our next “Zoom Rehearsal” will be at the regular Squawkestra rehearsal date & time – 7pm April 30. The zoom link will be sent in the regular Squawkestra update email, and we hope to have more members join us.
Kat, our Musical Director and Conductor, has created more virtual rehearsal videos, now grouped in one place on our new Virtual Rehearsal page.
Consider downloading the video first instead of streaming online to prevent buffering delays at unfortunate places!
Please add a comment to help us refine future videos.
In these COVID-19 times music matters more than ever, and Squawkestra have a concert date on the 28th May. Whilst we may not be able to guarantee a traditional concert then, we are proceeding with our program and concert repertoire in new ways.
During our lockout and lockdown we want to continue to bring the music to you. Kat, our Musical Director and Conductor, and your committee has been busy with ideas to engage and inspire you and to encourage you and your instrument to play together.
Kat has made some practice videos in short excepts so that you can play along at rehearsal speed.
First, check out The Plan, where Kat introduces this new approach. Then pull out your Pastoral Symphony music and be prepared to practise bars 1 to the end of 36, and then bars 37 thru to 53. We intend to post further videos on a fortnightly basis, replacing face to face rehearsals.
After watching – and playing along – please comment on the page with your suggestions or questions so we can learn from each other and refine our virtual squawkestra techniques.
We are also looking outward beyond our members, recognising the particular hardships of the arts community. Working with local composers is something we would like to do, and we encourage all members of Squawkestra who compose or know of someone who could write for us to get in touch with Kat. Now is the time to dust off those half finished compositions.
We hope you will stay with us during this new phase as we seek to continue our music-making, Squawkestra-style.